Made famous by Kim Kardashian’s ‘Vampire Facial’ – PRP has a long history of being used in orthopaedic medicine, dentistry, and reconstructive surgery, and now its benefits are being applied to dermatology and cosmetology (platelet-rich plasma or PRP) contains growth factors which stimulate skin regeneration.
Platelets are an important component in our blood and are necessary for normal clotting. When platelets are activated they release several proteins as well as growth factors which release stem cells, increasing collagen formation, skin-tightening and overall rejuvenation. Due to all these benefits, this treatment is also referred to ‘Facial Stem Cell Regeneration’ therapy.
The duration of treatment is approximately 20-30-minutes. A small amount of blood is drawn from the patient and placed in a sterile tube. Whilst the patient waits, it is spun down in a centrifuge at a pre-calculated speed for 5 to 10 minutes to separate the different components of the blood. Red and white blood cells are divided from the platelets and the plasma (the clear fluid). This plasma now contains a higher than normal number of precious platelets, nearly fivefold. The separated platelets are then activated with calcium chloride, to release more growth factors.
Local anaesthesia is applied to the area to be treated, and the platelet-rich plasma is injected into the appropriate areas with very small needles similar to those used in anti-wrinkle injections.